Brexit Withdrawal Agreement State Aid
On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed by 329 votes to 299 to grant the revised Withdrawal Agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month) at second reading, but when the accelerated timetable it proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be on hold.   As regards the Irish border issue, the agreement is accompanied by a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which defines a position of recidivism which only enters into force if no other effective regime is demonstrated before the end of the transitional period. If this is the case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s external common law and Northern Ireland will remain in the internal market aspects until such a manifestation is achieved. None of the parties can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union.