Agreement Of Import Licensing
The Committee wishes to promote compliance with the rules agreed in the agreement through a system of periodic audits by the Committee on Notifications submitted by WTO members. The committee also receives requests from members regarding other members` licensing plans, whether or not these provisions have been communicated to the committee. Committee meetings will also address specific observations and complaints about members` licensing systems. The licensing agreement allows WTO member states to introduce import certificate systems, either automatic or non-automatic. Automatic licenses issued by a government and do not limit imports may be necessary to collect trade data, original statistics or other information. On the other hand, non-automatic licenses are not granted in all cases. They are used to manage quotas or other types of import restrictions. Under the agreement, non-automatic licences must not have the effects on imports due to the restrictions they impose and should not be heavier than is strictly necessary for the management of the measure. It is important to note that, as explained in Part V of this chapter, the agreement applies only to import licensing procedures and not to the underlying licensing rules.
The agreement includes both “automatic” licensing systems for import monitoring only and “non-automatic” licensing systems under which certain conditions must be met before a licence is granted. Governments often use non-automatic licences to manage import restrictions such as quotas and tariff quotas (TRQs) or to manage security or other requirements (. B for example, for dangerous products, armaments, antiques, etc.). Work on this subject is reviewed by the Import Certificates Committee. The committee is overseeing the implementation of the agreement. It verifies at least every two years the implementation and operation of the agreement. Members are required to inform the Committee of changes to their import certificate laws and regulations. The current chair is. If your company is interested in exporting to a country that requires import licenses, you must ask the importer if a license is required for your product and, if so, if the importer has prepared and provided all the necessary documents to obtain the license. Many countries often change their licensing requirements and, as a result, there is not a single publication that either lists all countries that need import licences or defines all products for which import licences are required. Brief information on import certificates and the WTO`s import licensing section of the WTO guidelines regarding the import restrictions agreement that act as import certificates, such as certification of standards and health and technical rules, are also subject to the provisions of the import licensing agreement.